An organized way of viewing management
Management has been defined as the art and science of getting people to achieve common goals.
- Management is work. It may involve more cognitive activity and emotional control and less physical exertion than some other kinds of work, but it is work.
- Management is a discipline. It requires mastery of a set of knowledge and skills, as well as habits.
- Management is essential to the success of any undertaking.
While often associated with large businesses, it applies to even an enterprise of only one person; the entrepreneur and social volunteer also need to manage their own work. All managers deal the resources of money, tools and machinery, natural resources and -- most important -- human effort.
One way of looking at management breaks it down into four core functions, each having activities within it. We may quibble about whether a particular activity belongs in this function or that, but they are all part of managing.
Credit: About three decades ago, I was privileged to take a management seminar given by the consulting firm of Louis A. Allen Associates, Inc. Though I'd made a study of business management in my university days and followed up with many other courses, this was the most succinct and clearest presentation I've seen before or since.