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Taylor Group E1b-021

This page is about the Taylor Y-DNA genetic family designated number E1b-021, its members, Y-DNA and other information.



Taylor Group E1b-021 Members

Kit #
Name Most distant known ancestor Hap
Score **
Lo Hi
_72623 Taylor Robert Taylor (1707 VA/NC? - 1786 NC) E-L142 99.8% 100%
_89621 Torres Pedro Torres (1860 - 1937) E-L142 99.0% 100%
_95960 Taylor Robert Taylor (1707 VA/NC? - 1786 NC) E-L142 99.8% 100%
_98922 Taylor Robert Taylor 1743 NC - 1799 TN) E-L142 99.8% 100%
120345 Taylor Robert Taylor (b. 1707, NC) E-L142 99.8% 100%
264462 Taylor William George Taylor (1818 Yazoo, MS - 1881 Parker, TX) E-L142   >80%
543943 Taylor John B Taylor (1550 ENG? - 1627 ?) E-M35 99.7 99.99

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About this Group

Members may contribute information about their ancestral heritage.

An interesting aspect of this group is that it features a New Mexico descendant of a Pedro Torres, who was adopted about 1860/1865. Pedro's biological father is not known, but is presumed to have had the Taylor surname.

A Wikipedia article describes the haplogroup and its ancient origins and spread:

E1b1b and E1b1b1 are the currently accepted names .. E3b (E-M215) and E3b1 (E-M35) respectively were the YCC defined names used to designate the same haplogroups in older literature...

Y Haplogroup E1b1b (E-M215) previously known as E3b is a Y-chromosome haplogroup, a sub-group of haplogroup E, which is defined by the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation M215. It is one of the major genetically distinguished paternal lines of the human race, linking from father- to-son back to a common male ancestor. E1b1b is distributed as far south as South Africa, and northwards into North Africa, from where it has in more recent millennia expanded to Europe and Asia.

E1b1b1 (E-M35) is the predominant subclade of E1b1b .. The E1b1b clade is presently found in various forms in the Horn of Africa, North Africa, parts of Eastern, Western, and Southern Africa, West Asia, and Europe (especially the Mediterranean and the Balkans).

E1b1b and E1b1b1 are quite common amongst Afro-Asiatic speakers. The linguistic group and E1b1b1 may have dispersed together from the region of origin of this language family. Amongst populations with an Afro-Asiatic speaking history, a significant proportion of Jewish male lineages are E1b1b1 (E-M35). The same study found E1b1b, at 22.8% of Ashkenazi and 30% of Sephardim Y-chromosomal frequencies, to be one of the major founding lineages in Jewish male lineages...

E1b1b (E-M215) and its dominant sub-clade E1b1b1 (E-M35) are believed to have first appeared in East Africa about 22,400 years ago...

All major sub-branches of E1b1b1 are thought to have originated in the same general area as the parent clade: in North Africa, East Africa, or nearby areas of the Near East.

Despite the origin, men of this haplogroup were among early (Neolithic Age?) settlers of Europe. (During the Last Glacial Maximum, the Mediterranean Sea was more a series of lakes than an ocean.) A European sample was dated to 7,000 years ago and it is found in low frequencies throughout Europe today, excepting only small regions. This Eupedia article may be helpful.

The story of how this group of Taylors came from this haplogroup must be a fascinating one.

Y-DNA Values

See http://www.familytreedna.com/public/taylorfamilygenes/default.aspx?section=yresults.

Group E1b-021: Haplogroup = E1b1b1

Genetic Network

With grateful thanks to McGee Utilities and Fluxus Engineering, we calculated the 37-marker genetic network diagram below.

Fluxus network diagram
Fluxus Network

Reading the Fluxus Network Diagram

The network diagram gives a pictorial representation of how members of this genetic family may be related. It depicts inferred genetic branches of the paternal lineage and may be helpful in documentary research.

  1. The inference criterion used to build the diagram is maximum parsimony or "Occam's Razor". This criteria (fewest possible assumptions) may not be the most appropriate in all instances.
  2. The diagram is not proof; it is one interpretation of available geneitc data. Alternative interpretations may be possible.
  3. ySTR data is "noisy"; it contains some unexplained variability. .
Notes on the diagram:

TiP Scores

TiP general

TiP Scores Explained

TiP (for "Time Predictor") is a utility provided by Family Tree DNA. It is accessible to all FTDNA customers with Y-DNA results who have matches listed within the FTDNA reporting windows. It is also available to project administrators for calculating the probabilities that any two project members share a direct paternal ancestor within up to 24 generations.

TiP is superior to most TMRCA calculators. Rather than assume an average mutation rate for all markers compared, TiP uses individual marker mutation frequencies. Because marker mutation rates vary significantly between markers, the TiP scores 

As we use it here, TiP is a truer and simpler measure of genetic distances between individuals than other metrics such as the number of markers in disagreement or a sum of the differences (sometimes called "genetic distance"). TiP boils the complexities down to one number.

The composite TiP score is an index of how closely a member matches the entire group. Generally, the member with the highest score is the central member.


Unless stated otherwise, TiP probabilities are from TiP version 1 (v1) in effect from August 1, 2012 to December 11, 2012. Another version was in effect from December 12, 2012 to January 17, 2013 and was replaced with version 3 (v3) on January 18, 2013. We are in the process of updating to v3. In the meantime, we've made some observations about how v1 and v3 compare:
TiP scores E1b-2111/21/2012
> > > > > > > > >
"TiP Scores: 37 markers, 24 generations"

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Revised: 06 Oct 2016