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Taylor Group R1b-003

This page is about the Taylor Y-DNA genetic designated number 03, its members, Y-DNA and other information.



Taylor Group R1b-003 Members

Kit #
Name Most distant known ancestor Hap
Score **
Lo Hi
_26451 Taylor   William Tarlton Taylor (1759 VA/MD?
-1811 Fauquier, VA)
R-M269 100% 100%
_48367 Taylor Anthony Taylor (1607-1611 ENG?
-1687 NH)
R-M269 99.3% 99.9%
_51546 Taylor William Tarlton Taylor (1759 VA/MD?
-1811 Fauquier, VA)
R-M269   >80%
_88868 Taylor   William Tarlton Taylor (1759 VA/MD?
-1811 Fauquier, VA)
R-M269 99.3% 100%
478722 Taylor   John Taylor (1674-1748) R-M269    

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Group R1b-03's History

Anthony Taylor sailed from the Port of London in April of 1635 on the "Ann & Elizabeth" bound for Barbados and St. Christopher's (St. Kitts) in the British West Indies. His next appearance in the written record is as a First Settler of Hampton, NH in the spring of 1639 on the outskirts of the town nearest to the settlement of Strawberry Banke, now Portsmouth, NH.

Not much is known of his wife, Phillipa/Philis/Phillip and her surname is unknown. It is surmised that they married about 1640 as Anthony was described in the spring of 1639 as one of the "yong men who had lots.

Anthony's profession is listed as that of a felt-maker. Since his three daughters took their five husbands from Strawberry Banke it is also surmised that Anthony's wife may have been from there too. The old records of Strawberry Banke (now Portsmouth, NH) are lost so this will probably never be known or proven. They had five children, John, Lydia, Sarah, Martha and Mary.

Anthony was born between 1607-11 most likely in England and died in 1687 in Hampton, NH but his burial place is unknown. Founder's Monument in Hampton, NH is contained in the park across from the Meeting House Green and contains stones with the surnames of the first settlers of Hampton along with stones containing the names of the first towns nearby. The Taylor River in Hampton also derives it's name from the Anthony Taylor family.

A comprehensive history of this branch of the Taylor family may be found in the book, "Anthony Taylor of Hampton, NH and Some of His Descendants 1635-1935" by Harold Murdock Taylor. The book contains about a 56 pages index of other names plus the Taylor family. It is thoroughly documented containing many photos and some maps. A small supplement of 1935 to 1945 is also available.

DNA testing has connected Anthony's line to a Taylor line of a William Tarlton Taylor born 1759. So far we have been unable to establish a paper trail between these two branches. I, Richard Anthony Taylor, am an 11th generation straight line descendant from Anthony Taylor.

Then comes a SEVENTY-TWO YEAR GAP (1687-1759)

The search for the ancestors of William Tarlton Taylor’s origins has left us wandering about in the counties of VA (Fairfax, Loudoun and Fauquier) and St. Mary’s County, MD. William was married to Elizabeth Hampton (1762 Fauquier Co., VA-1857 Wayne Co., KY) in Loudoun Co., VA on 04 Aug 1778. According to the 1779 census (Shelburn Parish, Loudoun) and in the 1784 census (Cameron Parish, Loudoun) he had been living with Jeremiah Hampton, his father-in-law.

They had ten children: Levi Tarlton Taylor; John Hampton Taylor; William TARLTON Taylor; Sarah “Sally” Taylor; Hampton H. Taylor; Nancy Taylor; Ignatius Taylor; Elizabeth Taylor; Jenefer/Juniper Hampton Taylor; Joseph Hampton Taylor.

William’s wife Elizabeth request for his pension for service in the American Revolution was denied due to lack of evidence. He did serve in the Loudoun militia in 1793 under Burr Powell's 2nd Battalion 56th Regiment, 5th class who was under Col. Morgan. These are our earliest records of William Tarlton Taylor. In 1794 he bought land in Loudoun which is now in “horse country” with the Little River running through it.

We speculate that he was connected to the Taylors in St. Mary’s County, MD because of the names of two of his sons, Ignatius (a very common name in Catholic St. Mary’s) and Jenefer (a common surname in that same county).

We know that William could not read or write but his children were schooled. William’s son, Levi? bought the family Bible in 1806 and wrote down his parents names and birth dates as well as all his siblings. It is quite possible that William’s birth date is off by two days. There is no proof yet but there was an Elizabeth Taylor born in St. Mary’s County, MD on 26 Aug 1759 and William’s birth date is given 47 years later as 24 Aug 1759. Could they have been twins? At any rate, Elizabeth’s granddaughter, Amelia Taylor Tarleton married John Hampton Smarr who was the grandson of William Tarlton Taylor.

The other part of our puzzle has to do with the continuous use of the name, Tarlton, for William, his son, several grandsons and great-grandsons. This again brings us to St. Mary’s County, MD where there is a concentration of Tarleton and Tarlton families living. Upon further investigation many of these Tarletons and Tarltons moved to KY.

After obtaining the surprising DNA results connecting William Tarlton Taylor to Anthony Taylor of New Hampshire. We found a cluster of Tarltons living in New Castle, NH - the same area where Anthony’s family settled.

Y-DNA Values

See http://www.familytreedna.com/public/taylorfamilygenes/default.aspx?section=yresults.

Group R1b-03: Haplogroup = R1b1b2

  • DYS names in red designate faster-changing markers.
  • "Count" is the number in the group who've had the marker tested.
Markers & Alleles

Markers 1-12
DYS #39339019
Markers 13-25
DYS #458459
Markers 26-39
DYS #464
Markers 40-54
DYS #531578395
Markers 55-69
DYS #436490534450444481520446617568487572640492565

As of 5/30/2010

Haplotype Rarity

Based on the values of the individual markers, the members of this genetic family score, on average, in the Rare range. Their haplotypes are among the least common 5%.

TiP Scores

TiP general

TiP Scores Explained

TiP (for "Time Predictor") is a utility provided by Family Tree DNA. It is accessible to all FTDNA customers with Y-DNA results who have matches listed within the FTDNA reporting windows. It is also available to project administrators for calculating the probabilities that any two project members share a direct paternal ancestor within up to 24 generations.

TiP is superior to most TMRCA calculators. Rather than assume an average mutation rate for all markers compared, TiP uses individual marker mutation frequencies. Because marker mutation rates vary significantly between markers, the TiP scores 

As we use it here, TiP is a truer and simpler measure of genetic distances between individuals than other metrics such as the number of markers in disagreement or a sum of the differences (sometimes called "genetic distance"). TiP boils the complexities down to one number.

The composite TiP score is an index of how closely a member matches the entire group. Generally, the member with the highest score is the central member.


Unless stated otherwise, TiP probabilities are from TiP version 1 (v1) in effect from August 1, 2012 to December 11, 2012. Another version was in effect from December 12, 2012 to January 17, 2013 and was replaced with version 3 (v3) on January 18, 2013. We are in the process of updating to v3. In the meantime, we've made some observations about how v1 and v3 compare:

TiP Scores: 37 markers, 24 generations
Number _88868 _26451 _48367
_88868 X 0.9998 0.9934
_26451 0.9998 X 0.9986
_48367 0.9934 0.9986 X

Genetic distance from other groups

The most closely-related other groups in Taylor Family Genes are

This group is the 11th most closely related to R1b-04 with a 29% chance of sharing a c common paternal ancestor within 24 generations.

Haplogroup & SNPs

Only one of the group's members has done SNP testing; he is positive for M269, definitive for haplogroup R1b1a2a1a or "generic European R1b". Additional SNP testing is suggested to further refine the haplogroup.

Phylogenetic placement

R-M269 is downstream (a subclade) of R-M343 (aka, R1b). Known subclades of M269 include the two predominant European branches U106 and P312, as well as some less-frequent branches. Both U106 and P312 have very many known subclades.


The highest present concentrations of R-M269 are in western Europe and (due to migration since 1500) the Americas. It is believe to have evolved in Anatolia, the Caucasus or the Pontic Steppe and spread to Europe in the Bronze Age.


M269 is believed to have formed about 13.6 kya and the MRCA for all M269+ men lived about 6.4 kya.



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Revised: 20 Mar 2016