Taylor Family Genes
Welcome to our project website, dedicated to helping find your Taylor ancestors through
genetic genealogy. The site is for providing information from and about the Taylor Family Genes
Project and genetic genealogy in general, hopefully, in an understandable & easy to follow way.
This page introduces the project and fundamentals of
genetic genealogy and provides access to the many resources included. The
site consists of hundreds of pages organized into folders by subject matter. You
are invited to explore using the links provided.
We also have another website at
familytreedna.com/taylorfamilygenes. It is more focused on actual
Taylor, Tailor, Taler, Tayler, & Tayloe are some of the variations of this surname. Taylor is the most common spelling,
but all variations are welcomed in the Project.
Note that there are also a Tyler
Family DNA project and a
Tolliver (Taliaferro) DNA project, separate from us.
DNA tests for genealogy are NOT all the same. Different tests
analyze different aspects of your DNA and look at
different parts of your ancestry. Presently, the available tests include:
- yDNA looks at direct paternal ancestry: father's fatehr's faterh's father (etc.)
- mtDNA looks at direct maternal ancestry: mother's mother's mother's mother (etc>)
- Available to both genders
- Available only from Family Tree DNA
- Looks very deep but match interpretation vague
- See more
- atDNA looks at a mix of maternal and paternal ancestry,
both direct and indirect:
- Available to both genders
- Available from Family Tree DNA, Ancestry DNA and 23andMe
- Fastest-growing genetic genealogy test
- Relatively shallow look, <\6 generations
- Testing multiple family members recommended.
- Not a primary project focus
- See more
These very different kinds of tests are not directly comparable.
The Taylor Surname Project of Family Tree DNA
Our project is sponsored by Family Tree DNA. To FTDNA, we are the "Taylor
surname group". We are also commonly known as "Taylor Family Genes", abbreviated TFG.
FTDNA provides technical and administrative support services to the project, not
Taylor Family Genes is an independent genealogical research study of all
Taylor-surnamed families world-wide. We use genetics to reveal genealogy.
We assist members to interpret the genealogical meanings of their DNA test
results and matches. And, we study member's DNA results to discover patterns
such as Taylor family origins.
The project is run by a project administrative team of volunteers who
receive no payment or incentives from Family Tree DNA
(FTDNA) or any other organization or institution.
Participants, except in special circumstances,
are wholly responsible for the costs of their own tests.
There are no fees or dues for joining the Project nor fees for the services
we provide to members. Membership is free after purchase of a DNA test from FTDNA; we do not collect
dues or . The project
receives no funding, except through donations by its members and other
benevolent parties. These donations are used to advance the entire project's
Membership is open to any with DNA test results in the FTDNA
databases. There are no requirements to have the Taylor surname nor proof of
Taylor paternal lineage. Unlike some other projects, no prior approval is
needed. We do, though, especially seek males of Taylor paternity with ySTR
tests. And we encourage & expect active participation after joining.
If you are unwilling to share genealogical &/or genetic information with those you match,
DO NOT JOIN!
Genetic genealogy requires communication and cooperation. It can not be done in
To join, go to
our FTDNA site and click the "Join Request" link on the top menu. On the
- If you have a test from FTDNA, use. Option A. Enter your kit number
and password; then click "Log in".
- If you do not have a test from FTDNA, use Option B, "Purchase a
Test". Select your test and complete the
ordering process. (We recommend Y37 or higher.) this method may earn
ytou a discount from the regular test price.
You will then have joined Taylor Family Genes.
Results can not be predicted before testing is complete. We do not guarantee that every participant will
match anyone in the project or in the wider Family Tree DNA database. (However,
only a few members do not have reported "close matches" with at least one other
in the database.)
We do not
guarantee that results will confirm participants' previous research. Nor, will
we alter genetic genealogical findings to agree with such research.
Similarly-named Sites or Groups
While we appreciate and support any individual or group promoting Taylor
genealogy, the Taylor Family Genes project has no connection to taylorfamilygenes.com, a site
for one particular Taylor family. Nor, are we part of any of the various
Taylor Family Associations.
We want project members to join with eyes wide open. Please understand:
- We are a surname DNA project; most project activity focuses
on direct paternal lineages and Y chromosomes. Our surname is Taylor and
spelling variations of it; we focus primarily on Taylor paternal families.
- yDNA is inherited only from biological fathers and only by males.
Females have no yDNA and can not pass it on. A yDNA test will reveal
nothing about maternal relationships.
- Mitochondrial DNA is inherited from biological mothers. Males have mtDNA
but do not pass it on. A mtDNA test will reveal nothing about paternal
- Autosomal DNA
is inherited from all biological ancestors with each ancestor's contribution
roughly halved & recombined in each successive generation; the genetic signal becomes
progressively weaker until it can not be detected. The practical limit for
detection is roughly five generations, after which the genetic signal
becomes lost in background noise.
- Genetic genealogy is a participative and cooperative activity;
"flying solo" doesn't work.
You can not match others without them also matching you; it's of interest to all parties. Part of the project's role is to
inform members as to matches and their genealogical meanings.
Do not join us if you are unwilling for genetic and genealogical
information to be shared with project members you'll match.
- As in genealogy, surprises sometimes happen in genetic testing. Results may reveal
previously unsuspected and perhaps unsettling situations or events.
- Genetic genealogy is probabilistic and relativistic; there are few absolutely certain answers.
For example, it can not tell you that a certain hero was your 7th
great-grandfather; you may instead be descended from his brother.
Genealogy, the study of our ancestors, usually starts easily enough, with
family recollections and easy-to-find records.
But — sooner or later for most of us — the resources we need to keep making
progress in our research get scarcer and scarcer, until we are blocked. We
arrive at a genealogists' "brick wall"; the records we need to lift the veil
of time either never existed or have been lost.
DNA testing has become an accepted tool for genealogists and can now provide a
means of connecting Taylors world-wide. Whatever your genealogical interest,
powerful versions of DNA testing are now available to genealogists of all
degrees of experience.
DNA (genetic genealogy) can unlock answers to persistent mysteries and
seemingly impenetrable brick walls by proving scientifically that two
individuals do or do not share a common male ancestor. Become a pioneer of the
future, secure and share your DNA for your children and their grandchildren.
DNA testing can be used in three ways, as explained further
on this page:
- To support or refute a supposed relationship (focused mode);
- To find persons who genetically match, in order to explore possible
relationships (seek or "blind testing" mode);
- To learn more about one's genetic heritage, often in the distant past
Most who join the project start by seeking genetic matches (#2 above), sometimes
know as "blind testing". They may subsequently -- after
finding matches -- change course to
focused or investigative modes.
Current technology allows three types of ancestral lineages to be tracked:
The project's activities center largely on yDNA because -- being transmitted
through paternal lineages -- it is the most closely associated with the surname.
Our mtDNA activities are limited and autosomal DNA activities are minimal,
focused primarily on investigating yDNA matches.
Caveat: DNA, like genealogy in general, can reveal surprising
information. It can refute long-held family legends. Do not test if you don't
want the objective truth.
Learning about genetic genealogy
It can be a complicated subject, requiring an understanding of
traditional genealogy as well as of some basic DNA principles. We've
compiled a learning resource list here.
Since 2003, the Taylor Family Genes Project has been helping members connect with
their shared ancestors. We now have more than 900 members around the world
(>700 with yDNA) and have helped many
of them solve ancestral mysteries.
We have a team of dedicated volunteers to actively administer the Project,
Though we receive no pay, any of us would be glad to provide more information.
Our names and addresses are on the "Contacts" page.
OR, go to the
FTDNA Taylor Project website.
We have become the largest and best Taylor surname DNA
project. We provide a richness of services that few projects can match. For a
picture of the project, click here to see our "status"
Our goals include:
- To aid Taylor families in linking together through DNA results;
- To remove information blocks and brick walls in family histories;
- To discover, through DNA, the global origins and evolution of the Taylor surname and Taylor
- To survey and provide a resource and reference for Taylor DNA; and
- To provide future generations with documented backgrounds of their genetic heritage.
For a progress report on attainment of our goals, see
You can become eligible to join the Project by purchasing a DNA test kit from
Family Tree DNA and submitting a sample to the lab for analysis.
See "Membership Eligibility & Qualification Requirements".
Joining the project is an additional step that only you can take; it
is not automatic with a test order. Nor, can project administration join on your
details about the kit, DNA basics and prices see the
Family Tree DNA website. Our "About
yDNA" page explains the process from testing through finding & interpreting
You needn't necessarily submit your own DNA. You may submit a sample from
another donor to join the Project, but please use your name and contact information if you
will be the contact person. You will then be considered the "kit owner".
(The person who provides the actual sample is the "kit donor".)
Upon ordering the test, the kit owner will receive an e-mail from FTDNA with
information to log on to his or her
personal "My FTDNA" pages.
Save, do NOT lose or delete, this important message; be sure you can find it again.
A few weeks after the kit arrives at the lab, the kit owner will receive a
message that results are complete and posted to the FTDNA database. After
logging in, he or she can print out the results, join the Taylor
project (if not already) and search for matches.
We will also be notified and will send you a report interpreting your
results, including haplogroup information and STR close matches.
Other ways to join
There are other ways of joining. If you have already been tested by another
company, you may be able to convert your results for a fee. Different companies
test different markers. Others may need to be retested. Only those who have
tests or conversions performed by FTDNA are eligible for Project membership.
We encourage you to join the project. The more people tested, the better the
odds for all of finding a match.
We take your privacy and security seriously. We publish only a limited amount
of information about you. For more on this question, see our
We will, in order to foster communication among genetic family members, share
match information with project members you match; but it will be no more than
they could learn themselves.
What's in the name?
It surprises some to learn that our very distant ancestors didn't use
surnames (i.e., inherited family names). Surnames began in Europe about the time
of the Crusades (1000 AD) and came into universal use no earlier than the mid-1300s.
"Names" page tells more about this and the origin of
the Taylor surname.
Origins of Your Taylors
Our stidies indicate that most Taylor families originated in the British Isles, particularly in England.
Look at our exploration of the origins of many Taylor families.
There are roughly 1,500,000 Taylor-surnamed people in the world; most live in
English-speaking countries. About one-third now live in the United Kingdom, the rest
represent exportation of the name.
The yDNA tests are male-specific; only men have a Y chromosome. The pattern of
its DNA is handed down from father to son with very little change over geneartions. First cousins will often match identically. Cousins of
greater distances will match nearly exactly if they have a common direct paternal ancestor.
Two types of yDNA tests are available:
- ySTR is the basic standard. When interpreting the results, the element
of probability comes into play. We recommend testing 37, 67 or 111 STR
markers for the most reliable and precise interpretation.
- ySNP tests represent the new frontier of yDNA testing. Presently, ySNP
tests should be regarded as supplementary to ySTR for Taylors.
To read more about yDNA and its use in genetic genealogy, see our
Another test is the mtDNA test which describes the female lineage. Both men
and women may take this test. It traces the direct maternal line without
influence from other lines. Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of
the maternal line.
This test analyzes SNPs in the mitochondria, small organelles within our cells
but outside the nucleus. The mitochondria have their own separate genome.
The participant receives a certificate and report which describes the testing
process in general and the meaning of matches. Results are placed in the FTDNA
database. When another person shows matching results and both parties have
signed the Family Tree DNA Release Form they will each be informed of the match.
The basic test is for mitochondrial DNA in regions called HVR1 & HVR2 ("mtDNA
Plus"). A panel of
SNPs is included for haplogroup classification. A test which also include the
coding regions is available as well; it is known as "mtFullSequence"
and is our recommendation.
Due to the custom of women changing surnames on marriage, mtDNA is not
strongly associated with a particular surname. At this time, this website does not display mtDNA data;
Read more about mtDNA..
Autosomal DNA, , atDNA, auDNA
The Family Finder test analyzes autosomal DNA to identify relatives out
to about the third cousin level. In other words, it can find descendants of
your second-great-grandparents and, sometimes, third-great-grandparents.
Autosomal DNA consists of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in human nuclear DNA that are
not gender-determining, neither X nor Y. These chromosomes are numbered 1 to 23
Autosomal tests are also offered by
National Geographic Society's Geno 2.0 project. The
ISOGG Wiki gives a good comparison. Results may also be uploaded to
www.gedmatch.com. At this time, we know of
no public display of autosomal results.
Autosomal DNA does not have a strong association with any surname; your auDNA
matches may have hundreds of different surnames.
At this time, we regard auDNA matches as an individual pursuit, not a surname project
We have a limited introduction to auDNA on this
Genetic Families: Matched Groups
We help you find matches: Project volunteer
co-administrators review yDNA results to find patterns that match to a degree
indicating a common male ancestor within a genealogical time frame. As we find
two or more matching yDNA patterns, we place them in a "group" and designate it
with the haplogroup and a number in the order found.
For example, "Group I1-01"
indicates that this genetic family is in haplogroup I1 and it was the first
identified by the project. "R1b-02" is thought to represent the family
from which Zachary Taylor came; it is in haplogroup R1b and was the 2nd found.
When a kit has been tested for 37 or more markers and has genealogically
significant match to another Taylor in the Project, a group is formed. We have, so far,
identified more than 80 separate matching yDNA genetic families with from 2 to 17 members
each. We have a page -- click here
-- listing all the groups in the project with links to each individual
Kits which have not yet been matched with any other within the
project are grouped
together according to their
haplogroup values, with further subdivisions for R1b.
Each haplogroup has its own page,
with information about that haplogroup. To read about your haplogroup,
begin with this page.
The most common haplogroup for TAYLOR is R1b1a2 (R-M269).
We are limited to finding matches among project members We do not have
access to DNA results of non-members.
Members are encouraged to share information about their paternal Taylor
ancestry and submit personal family trees. We publish the trees, listed by kit number. We do not post trees or DNA results
for people who are not members through Family Tree DNA.
These trees are linked in various ways throughout the site. Access to the
trees may be obtained in either of these ways.
- If you know the group assignment, click
here and on the link to the particular group's page. Then click
the link by the name & kit#. This permits comparison of trees
by those sharing a common male ancestor.
With the project member's specific written consent, the tree shows the
full account name and e-mail address of the contact person to faciliate research discussions along that line. It is the responsibility of the kit
owner to send updates and corrections to his or her tree and email address.
We are sorry if the email address is no longer valid; we do update them if
members inform us.
We do not publish individuals'
results; they may be found on
the FTDNA Taylor Family Genes public website.
Markers & allele values data as to individuals on this site are relative, representing only
differences from the modal (most frequent) values for genetic families.
Contents of the
DNA resultss page are:
- Overall project findings
- How many markers need to be tested.
- Discussion on interpreting DNA results
- How kits are grouped; what a "matched group" means
- How far back our Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCMA) is.
- Links to other genetic genealogy information.
With 900+ members, 700+ with yDNA, the project isn't the largest surname
DNA project. A few others are larger.
But, it is the largest Taylor DNA
project and one of the best projects for any surname. We are dedicated to
serving members and unique in monitoring the project's status and performance. For more about the project's status and its numbers, see
The Taylor Family Genes project has a NEWSLETTER which appears
on our own blog site, "Taylor
Topics". Members and non-members can read interesting articles
on various aspects of genetics, family success stories, and news from
the team members. You can also submit an article or question for
posting to this blog.
Read more about the blog here.
Visit the blog.
A site map is in progress, providing an index to pages
where a particular topic is found. In the meantime, report broken links
by clicking here.
You may use the search box below to search the site by keywords.
The Project Administration Team is wholly made up of
Click here for the admin team's page.
We help prospective members join the Project, organize the data, answer
questions or point members to someone who can assist, set up trees, analyze
& interpret data, etc. We are happy to help in this way.
Please understand, though,
that we do not have the time to do genealogical research for individuals. We do enjoy
genealogy and the search for answers based on facts. Direct your questions
and concerns to a team member or post them on our blog.
Project members: Admins are not permitted to change your contact information.
You may update it yourself as follows:
- Log onto your personal page at
need your kit number and password.
- Under the My Account tab, click on the contact information link to
make needed changes.
- Don't forget to click the "Save" button after making
If you have questions about interpretation of your test results or
advice about tests to order, please contact the project admin team. We will answer to
the best of our ability.
However, project administrators can not handle problems with your order. For those, you must deal
directly with FTDNA.
The contact information for Family Tree DNA is
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