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Taylor Family Genes

Welcome to our project website, dedicated to helping find your Taylor ancestors through genetic genealogy. The site is for providing information from and about the Taylor Family Genes Project and genetic genealogy in general, hopefully, in an understandable & easy to follow way.

This page introduces the project and fundamentals of genetic genealogy and provides access to the many resources included. The site consists of hundreds of pages organized into folders by subject matter. You are invited to explore using the links provided.

We also have another website at familytreedna.com/taylorfamilygenes. It is more focused on actual DNA results.

Privacy Policy

By joining the project, you agree to our privacy policy. We encourage you to read it, here, before joining.

Project Surnames

Taylor, Tailor, Taler, Tayler, & Tayloe are some of the variations of this surname. Taylor is the most common spelling, but all variations are welcomed in the Project.

Note that there are also a Tyler Family DNA project and a Tolliver (Taliaferro) DNA project, separate from us.

DNA Tests

DNA tests for genealogy are NOT all the same. Different tests analyze different aspects of your DNA and look at different parts of your ancestry. Presently, the available tests include:

  1. yDNA looks at direct paternal ancestry: father's fatehr's faterh's father (etc.)
  2. mtDNA looks at direct maternal ancestry: mother's mother's mother's mother (etc>)
    • Available to both genders
    • Available only from Family Tree DNA
    • Looks very deep but match interpretation vague
    • See more
  3. atDNA looks at a mix of maternal and paternal ancestry, both direct and indirect:
    • Available to both genders
    • Available from Family Tree DNA, Ancestry DNA and 23andMe
    • Fastest-growing genetic genealogy test
    • Relatively shallow look, <\6 generations
    • Testing multiple family members recommended.
    • Not a primary project focus
    • See more

These very different kinds of tests are not directly comparable.

The Taylor Surname Project of Family Tree DNA


TFG abbreviation

Our project is sponsored by Family Tree DNA. To FTDNA, we are the "Taylor surname group". We are also commonly known as "Taylor Family Genes", abbreviated TFG. FTDNA provides technical and administrative support services to the project, not funds.

Mission

Taylor Family Genes is an independent genealogical research study of all Taylor-surnamed families world-wide. We use genetics to reveal genealogy.

We assist members to interpret the genealogical meanings of their DNA test results and matches. And, we study member's DNA results to discover patterns such as Taylor family origins.

Administration

The project is run by a project administrative team of volunteers who receive no payment or incentives from Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) or any other organization or institution.

Finances

Participants, except in special circumstances, are wholly responsible for the costs of their own tests.

There are no fees or dues for joining the Project nor fees for the services we provide to members. Membership is free after purchase of a DNA test from FTDNA; we do not collect dues or . The project receives no funding, except through donations by its members and other benevolent parties. These donations are used to advance the entire project's goals.

Membership Requirements

Membership is open to any with DNA test results in the FTDNA databases. There are no requirements to have the Taylor surname nor proof of Taylor paternal lineage. Unlike some other projects, no prior approval is needed. We do, though, especially seek males of Taylor paternity with ySTR tests. And we encourage & expect active participation after joining.

If you are unwilling to share genealogical &/or genetic information with those you match, DO NOT JOIN! Genetic genealogy requires communication and cooperation. It can not be done in isolation.

Joining

To join, go to our FTDNA site and click the "Join Request" link on the top menu. On the next page:

You will then have joined Taylor Family Genes.

Predicting Results

Results can not be predicted before testing is complete. We do not guarantee that every participant will match anyone in the project or in the wider Family Tree DNA database. (However, only a few members do not have reported "close matches" with at least one other in the database.)

We do not guarantee that results will confirm participants' previous research. Nor, will we alter genetic genealogical findings to agree with such research.

Similarly-named Sites or Groups

While we appreciate and support any individual or group promoting Taylor genealogy, the Taylor Family Genes project has no connection to taylorfamilygenes.com, a site for one particular Taylor family. Nor, are we part of any of the various Taylor Family Associations.

Cautions

We want project members to join with eyes wide open. Please understand:

Why DNA?

Genealogy, the study of our ancestors, usually starts easily enough, with family recollections and easy-to-find records. But — sooner or later for most of us — the resources we need to keep making progress in our research get scarcer and scarcer, until we are blocked. We arrive at a genealogists' "brick wall"; the records we need to lift the veil of time either never existed or have been lost.

DNA testing has become an accepted tool for genealogists and can now provide a means of connecting Taylors world-wide. Whatever your genealogical interest, powerful versions of DNA testing are now available to genealogists of all degrees of experience.

DNA (genetic genealogy) can unlock answers to persistent mysteries and seemingly impenetrable brick walls by proving scientifically that two individuals do or do not share a common male ancestor. Become a pioneer of the future, secure and share your DNA for your children and their grandchildren.

DNA testing can be used in three ways, as explained further on this page:
  1. To support or refute a supposed relationship (focused mode);
  2. To find persons who genetically match, in order to explore possible relationships (seek or "blind testing" mode);
    and
  3. To learn more about one's genetic heritage, often in the distant past (investigative mode)

Most who join the project start by seeking genetic matches (#2 above), sometimes know as "blind testing".  They may subsequently -- after finding matches -- change course to focused or investigative modes.

Current technology allows three types of ancestral lineages to be tracked:

The project's activities center largely on yDNA because -- being transmitted through paternal lineages -- it is the most closely associated with the surname. Our mtDNA activities are limited and autosomal DNA activities are minimal, focused primarily on investigating yDNA matches.

Caveat: DNA, like genealogy in general, can reveal surprising information. It can refute long-held family legends. Do not test if you don't want the objective truth.

Learning about genetic genealogy

It can be a complicated subject, requiring an understanding of traditional genealogy as well as of some basic DNA principles. We've compiled a learning resource list here.

Project Background

Since 2003, the Taylor Family Genes Project has been helping members connect with their shared ancestors.  We now have more than 900 members around the world (>700 with yDNA) and have helped many of them solve ancestral mysteries.

We have a team of dedicated volunteers to actively administer the Project, Though we receive no pay, any of us would be glad to provide more information.  Our names and addresses are on the "Contacts" page. OR, go to the FTDNA Taylor Project website

We have become the largest and best Taylor surname DNA project. We provide a richness of services that few projects can match. For a picture of the project, click here to see our "status" page.

Project Goals

Our goals include:

  1. To aid Taylor families in linking together through DNA results;
  2. To remove information blocks and brick walls in family histories;
  3. To discover, through DNA, the global origins and evolution of the Taylor surname and Taylor families;
  4. To survey and provide a resource and reference for Taylor DNA; and
  5. To provide future generations with documented backgrounds of their genetic heritage.

For a progress report on attainment of our goals, see Goals.

Membership in the Project

You can become eligible to join the Project by purchasing a DNA test kit from Family Tree DNA and submitting a sample to the lab for analysis. See "Membership Eligibility & Qualification Requirements". Joining the project is an additional step that only you can take; it is not automatic with a test order. Nor, can project administration join on your behalf.

For more details about the kit, DNA basics and prices see the Family Tree DNA website. Our "About yDNA" page explains the process from testing through finding & interpreting matches.

You needn't necessarily submit your own DNA. You may submit a sample from another donor to join the Project, but please use your name and contact information if you will be the contact person. You will then be considered the "kit owner". (The person who provides the actual sample is the "kit donor".)

Upon ordering the test, the kit owner will receive an e-mail from FTDNA with information to log on to his or her personal "My FTDNA" pages. Save, do NOT lose or delete, this important message; be sure you can find it again.

A few weeks after the kit arrives at the lab, the kit owner will receive a message that results are complete and posted to the FTDNA database. After logging in, he or she can print out the results, join the Taylor project (if not already) and search for matches.

We will also be notified and will send you a report interpreting your yDNA results, including haplogroup information and STR close matches.

Other ways to join

There are other ways of joining. If you have already been tested by another company, you may be able to convert your results for a fee. Different companies test different markers. Others may need to be retested. Only those who have tests or conversions performed by FTDNA are eligible for Project membership.

We encourage you to join the project. The more people tested, the better the odds for all of finding a match.

Privacy

We take your privacy and security seriously. We publish only a limited amount of information about you. For more on this question, see our privacy page.

We will, in order to foster communication among genetic family members, share match information with project members you match; but it will be no more than they could learn themselves.

What's in the name?

It surprises some to learn that our very distant ancestors didn't use surnames (i.e., inherited family names). Surnames began in Europe about the time of the Crusades (1000 AD) and came into universal use no earlier than the mid-1300s. Our "Names" page tells more about this and the origin of the Taylor surname.

Origins of Your Taylors

Our stidies indicate that most Taylor families originated in the British Isles, particularly in England. Look at our exploration of the origins of many Taylor families.

There are roughly 1,500,000 Taylor-surnamed people in the world; most live in English-speaking countries. About one-third now live in the United Kingdom, the rest represent exportation of the name.

yDNA Markers

The yDNA tests are male-specific; only men have a Y chromosome. The pattern of its DNA is handed down from father to son with very little change over geneartions. First cousins will often match identically. Cousins of greater distances will match nearly exactly if they have a common direct paternal ancestor.

Two types of yDNA tests are available:

More on a separate page

To read more about yDNA and its use in genetic genealogy, see our "About yDNA" page.

mtDNA Test

Another test is the mtDNA test which describes the female lineage. Both men and women may take this test. It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines. Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal line.

This test analyzes SNPs in the mitochondria, small organelles within our cells but outside the nucleus. The mitochondria have their own separate genome.

The participant receives a certificate and report which describes the testing process in general and the meaning of matches. Results are placed in the FTDNA database. When another person shows matching results and both parties have signed the Family Tree DNA Release Form they will each be informed of the match.

The basic test is for mitochondrial DNA in regions called HVR1 & HVR2 ("mtDNA Plus"). A panel of SNPs is included for haplogroup classification. A test which also include the coding regions is available as well; it is known as "mtFullSequence" and is our recommendation.

Due to the custom of women changing surnames on marriage, mtDNA is not strongly associated with a particular surname. At this time, this website does not display mtDNA data; see https://www.familytreedna.com/public/taylorfamilygenes/default.aspx?section=mtresults

Read more about mtDNA..

Autosomal DNA, , atDNA, auDNA

The Family Finder test analyzes autosomal DNA to identify relatives out to about the third cousin level. In other words, it can find descendants of your second-great-grandparents and, sometimes, third-great-grandparents.

Autosomal DNA consists of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in human nuclear DNA that are not gender-determining, neither X nor Y. These chromosomes are numbered 1 to 23 for identification.

Autosomal tests are also offered by Ancestry DNA, 23andMe and the National Geographic Society's Geno 2.0 project. The ISOGG Wiki gives a good comparison. Results may also be uploaded to www.gedmatch.com. At this time, we know of no public display of autosomal results.

Autosomal DNA does not have a strong association with any surname; your auDNA matches may have hundreds of different surnames. At this time, we regard auDNA matches as an individual pursuit, not a surname project activity. We have a limited introduction to auDNA on this page.

Genetic Families: Matched Groups

We help you find matches: Project volunteer co-administrators review yDNA results to find patterns that match to a degree indicating a common male ancestor within a genealogical time frame. As we find two or more matching yDNA patterns, we place them in a "group" and designate it with the haplogroup and a number in the order found.

For example, "Group I1-01" indicates that this genetic family is in haplogroup I1 and it was the first identified by the project.  "R1b-02" is thought to represent the family from which Zachary Taylor came; it is in haplogroup R1b and was the 2nd found.

When a kit has been tested for 37 or more markers and has genealogically significant match to another Taylor in the Project, a group is formed. We have, so far, identified more than 80 separate matching yDNA genetic families with from 2 to 17 members each. We have a page -- click here --  listing all the groups in the project with links to each individual group page. 

Kits which have not yet been matched with any other within the project are grouped together according to their haplogroup values, with further subdivisions for R1b. Each haplogroup has its own page, with information about that haplogroup. To read about your haplogroup, begin with this page.  The most common haplogroup for TAYLOR is R1b1a2 (R-M269).

We are limited to finding matches among project members We do not have access to DNA results of non-members.

Trees, Lineages

Members are encouraged to share information about their paternal Taylor ancestry and submit personal family trees. We publish the trees, listed by kit number. We do not post trees or DNA results for people who are not members through Family Tree DNA.

These trees are linked in various ways throughout the site. Access to the trees may be obtained in either of these ways.

With the project member's specific written consent, the tree shows the full account name and e-mail address of the contact person to faciliate research discussions along that line. It is the responsibility of the kit owner to send updates and corrections to his or her tree and email address.  We are sorry if the email address is no longer valid; we do update them if members inform us.

yDNA Results

We do not publish individuals' results; they may be found on the FTDNA Taylor Family Genes public website.

Markers & allele values data as to individuals on this site are relative, representing only differences from the modal (most frequent) values for genetic families.

 Contents of the DNA resultss page are:

  1. Overall project findings
  2. How many markers need to be tested.
  3. Discussion on interpreting DNA results
  4. How kits are grouped; what a "matched group" means
  5. How far back our Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCMA) is.
  6. Links to other genetic genealogy information.

Project Status

With 900+ members, 700+ with yDNA, the project isn't the largest surname DNA project. A few others are larger.

But, it is the largest Taylor DNA project and one of the best projects for any surname. We are dedicated to serving members and unique in monitoring the project's status and performance. For more about the project's status and its numbers, see this page.

Blog Site

>

The Taylor Family Genes project has a NEWSLETTER which appears on our own blog site, "Taylor Topics". Members and non-members can read interesting articles on various aspects of genetics, family success stories, and news from the team members. You can also submit an article or question for posting to this blog.

Read more about the blog here.

Visit the blog.

Site Map

A site map is in progress, providing an index to pages where a particular topic is found. In the meantime, report broken links by clicking here.

OR
You may use the search box below to search the site by keywords.

CONTACTS

The Project Administration Team is wholly made up of Volunteers. Click here for the admin team's page.

We help prospective members join the Project, organize the data, answer questions or point members to someone who can assist, set up trees, analyze & interpret data, etc. We are happy to help in this way. 

Please understand, though,  that we do not have the time to do genealogical research for individuals.  We do enjoy genealogy and the search for answers based on facts.  Direct your questions and concerns to a team member or post them on our blog.

Project members: Admins are not permitted to change your contact information. You may update it yourself as follows:

Contact FTDNA

If you have questions about interpretation of your test results or advice about tests to order, please contact the project admin team. We will answer to the best of our ability.

However, project administrators can not handle problems with your order. For those, you must deal directly with FTDNA. The contact information for Family Tree DNA is


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Revised: 22 Jun 2016